At least 31 children have died in northern India in the last 10 days from a deadly brain disease believed to be linked to a toxic substance found in lychee fruit, health officials said.
- The deaths were reported by two hospitals in a district famed for its lush lychee orchards
- At least 40 children complaining of symptoms similar to those who died are in intensive care units
- Known locally as Chamki Bukhar, the disease claimed a record 150 lives in 2014
The deaths were reported by two hospitals in Bihar state’s Muzaffarpur district, famed for its lush lychee orchards.
The children all showed symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), senior health official Ashok Kumar Singh said, adding that most had suffered a sudden loss of glucose in their blood.
“The health department has already issued an advisory for people to take care of their children during the hot summer when day temperature is above 40 degrees Celsius,” Mr Singh said.
At least 40 other children complaining of similar symptoms were being treated at intensive care units.
“We are trying our best to save them,” said SP Singh, the chief medical officer of Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital.
The outbreaks of the disease have happened annually during summer months in Muzaffarpur and neighbouring districts since 1995, typically coinciding with the lychee season.
Known locally as Chamki Bukhar, the disease claimed a record 150 lives in 2014.
In 2015, US researchers said the brain disease could be linked to a toxic substance found in the exotic fruit.
They also said more study was needed to uncover the cause of the illness, which leads to seizures, altered mental state and death in more than a third of cases.
Outbreaks of neurological illness have also been observed in lychee-growing regions of Bangladesh and Vietnam.