The strongest cyclone to hit India in five years killed at least 12 people in the country’s eastern Odisha state before swinging north-eastwards into Bangladesh, where five more people died.
- Two children were among those reported killed in India
- The destruction in the town of Puri was said to be “unimaginable”
- Mass evacuations in India and Bangladesh are credited with saving many lives
But the evacuation of millions of people across the two countries is believed to have saved many more lives.
Tropical Cyclone Fani, which made landfall early on Friday, lost some of its power and was downgraded to a depression as the storm hovered over Bangladesh.
“The fear of a major disaster is mostly over as [Fani] has weakened,” said Shamsuddin Ahmed, director of the Bangladesh Meteorological Department.
A storm surge still breached embankments to submerge dozens of villages on Bangladesh’s low-lying coast, a disaster ministry official in Dhaka said.
The storm also destroyed several houses in the Noakhali district, where a two-year-old child and a 12-year-old girl were killed and about 30 people were injured, local official Tanmoy Das said.
In all at least five people were killed, 63 injured, and more than the 1,000 houses had been damaged, Bangladeshi authorities said.
Indian media reported that at least 12 people died, with most deaths caused by falling trees.
The seaside temple town of Puri, which lay directly in the path of Fani, suffered extensive damage as winds gusting up to 200 kph tore off tin roofs, snapped power lines, and uprooted trees.
“Destruction is unimaginable … Puri is devastated,” Odisha’s Special Relief Commissioner Bishnupada Sethi said, adding that 116 people were reported injured across the state.
Video footage taken from an Indian navy aircraft showed extensive flooding in areas around Puri, with wide swathes of land submerged in the aftermath of the storm.
Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik said the electricity infrastructure in Puri and parts of an adjoining district had been completely devastated.
“We have the challenge of having to set up the entire electrification afresh,” he told reporters.
Ashok Patnaik, director of Capital Hospital, one of the largest state-run hospitals in the state capital of Bhubaneswar, said it had received four dead bodies on Friday and two on Saturday.
“All are cyclone related,” he said.
The cyclone season in the Bay of Bengal can last from April to December. In 1999, a super-cyclone battered the coast of Odisha for 30 hours, killing 10,000 people.
Since then, technological advances have helped weather forecasters track the cyclones more accurately, giving authorities more time to prepare.
This time, as Cyclone Fani approached, Odisha moved 1.2 million people to safety in 24 hours, which Mr Patnaik described as “one of the biggest human evacuations in history”.
“Instead of it being a tragedy of humongous proportions, we are in the process of restoring critical infrastructure,” he said.
About 1.2 million people living in the most vulnerable districts in Bangladesh had also been moved to some 4,000 shelters